Chausath Yogini Mandir design inspiration for Indian Parliament

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin

This is the temple that inspired the British architects to construct the Parliament building in New Delhi.

Chausath Yogini Mandir
Chausath Yogini Mandir

A unique ancient ‘Chausath Yogini Temple’ in Morena (Madhya Pradesh), is said to have inspired the design for Indian Parliament House because the structures of Indian Parliament House (Sansad Bhavan), and Mitawali temple are strikingly similar. It seems that the architects Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker drew inspiration from this temple in designing and building the Parliament House in 1927. When you first see the temple, you think it is a miniature Parliament because the architecture of both the Parliament building and this Shiva temple resembles each other very closely.

Chausath Yogini Mandir
Chausath Yogini Mandir

This Shiva temple is 170 feet tall situated on top of a small hill, and shows a circular plan. While British architects-Edward Lutyens and Herbert Baker- designed the Parliament building, this temple was constructed by Maharaja Deva Pala of the Kacchapagata dynasty, dated VS 1380 (1323 CE). It is also known as Ekattarso Mahadeva Temple and was the venue for providing education in astrology and mathematics based on the transit of the Sun.

  • Observe the structure.
  • Look at the pillars.
  • Marvel at the inner and outer facade.

Our parliament is but a copy of this temple as this temple was built almost 900 years before our Parliament.

Chausath Yogini Mandir

The temple is built on a high plinth and shows pillared cloisters that run around the wall facing an open courtyard. It is externally circular in shape with a radius of 170 feet and within its interior part it has small cells that form 64 subsidiary shrines having a shallow pillared mandapa in front; while a circular main shrine facing east stands in the middle of the courtyard. The cells and the main shrine are flat topped, but it is believed that initially each had a shikhara on top. While the 64 Yoginis were originally placed in the 64 subsidiary shrines are now missing, a Shiva linga has taken their places in each cell. It is believed that Yoginis represent conjoint energies that are a part of the Transcendental Power or Maha Sakti, the Devi (popularly believed to be devi Durga). On the temple walls they are seen in all directions, often by the side of the gods whose energies they represent. The central shrine also holds a Shivalinga.

Within the main central shrine are slab coverings which have perforations in them to drain rainwater to a large underground storage. The pipe lines from the roof leading the rain water to the storage are also visible. The design of the temple has withstood earthquake shocks, without any damage to its circular structural features, in the past several centuries. The temple is in the Seismic Zone III.

The Archaeological Survey of India has declared the temple an ancient and historical monument under Act No. LXXI of 1951, dt.28/11/1951. A must visit site for contemporary architects and archeologists.

Written by Team TDJI

Related Posts

10 quirky designers and their designs

10 quirky designers and their designs

Ever Wondered where can you spot a quirky place like never before? Well we have chosen some enchanting designs that will make you forget your pinterest boards. The quirkiest design from designers across India who experimented with notional design.


Maishaa brings products of premeium Egyptian cotton

Maishaa brings products of premium Egyptian cotton

Maishaa unveils products made of premium Egyptian cotton that will lure your guest to stay more. Bed linens with distinguish style creates an impact and enhance your style guide. Stay ttuned with this contemporary look brought to you by Maishaa

Architect Talks

Anubhav Gupta Executive Vice President and Chief Design Officer at Godrej Properties

‘The Trees in Vikhroli’ retaining the Greens

Meet Anubhav Gupta Chief Executive Officer Vikhroli, Chief CSR & Sustainability Officer, Godrej Properties. Founder – GPL Design Studio-  – a unique, multidisciplinary innovation engine which bridges the gap between architects and developers by creating a robust ecosystem for design,